The native people of the Nunavut territory in Canada are called Inuit, which is an Inuktitut term that means "people". The Inuit have been living in Nunavut, which means "our land", for thousands of years, and presently, they make up about 85% of the total number of people living in the territory. Other than Nunavut, the Inuit can also be found in various parts of Canada, Alaska, and Greenland.
It was only in April, 1999 that Nunavut became an official Canadian territory, and a flag was adopted to represent the Inuit's relation to Canada. The Inuit flag is rather unique compared to other Canadian provincial flags. The background of the flag is divided into two parts, with the right half in white and the left half in yellow. It is believed that the yellow and the white colors are supposed to represent the sunrise and the snow respectively. However, official interpretations state that the two colors symbolize the wealth of the land, the sea, and the sky.
The two halves of the flag are separated by an inuksuk, which is a stone monument that is put up by the Inuit to guide people who are traveling on their land. The inuksuk is also used to mark sacred and significant places. The red color of the inuksuk represents the Inuit's loyalty to Canada. On the top right corner of the Inuit flag, there is a blue 5-pointed star that represents the North Star. In the past, the Inuit relied on the North Star to navigate across their land, and the star on the flag symbolizes the leadership of the elders of the Inuit community.
The Inuit flag is used to represent the state of Nunavut as well as the Inuit during national meetings, and it truly shows the pride and love that the Inuit have for their land, and their country.